Alan Turing Biography
Name: Alan Mathison Turing
Birth date: June 23, 1912 - June 7, 1954
Profession: mathematician, cryptanalyst, computer scientist
Best works: Turing machine, decoding of the Enigma machine
Why you should read it: he is considered the father of computer science and artificial intelligence. Due to his involvement in the breaking of Nazis' ciphers his important role was kept secret for decades until recently.